Plastic Surgery

Plastic surgery is a medical procedure that focuses on the reconstruction or repair of defects and functional deficiencies in the patient’s physical condition due to illness, injury, congenital disease and surgery. The main purpose of this action is to restore the function of the skin, skull, and structure of the facial jaw (maxillofacial), muscular musculoskeletal system, breast, legs and hands, and genitals through a surgical repair. Plastic surgery also includes aesthetic reconstruction and surgical procedures that aim to improve unwanted physical quality of normal body structures.

Who Should do Plastic Surgery

  1. Those with congenital abnormalities such as webbed fingers, birthmarks, and cleft lips
  2. Those who have burns or other serious injuries caused by accidents or natural disasters
  3. Those who suffer from serious illnesses and must undergo surgical removal, such as removal of a cancerous tumor from the breast or face
  4. Those who want to increase self-confidence by improving their body’s balance and beauty.

Plastic Surgery Techniques

There are 3 common procedure from this procedure. This is all about it.

Skin Graft

This procedure involves the release of healthy skin from an area that is completely unaffected and then used to cover damaged areas of the skin or want to be repaired. Skin grafting techniques are usually used to cover large wounds, burns, broken bones, cleft lips, and areas of the skin that must be removed because of certain conditions such as cancer. Prepared skin is then attached using staples, glue and surgical clips, or sutures. The area that has been attached to the grafted skin is then closed for 5-7 days so that the wound resulting from the operation dries perfectly.

Tissue Expansion

This technique involves stretching the tissues around the area. The plastic surgeon will insert a device resembling a balloon under the skin layer, which will then be filled with salt water to make the skin stretch. Once it feels sufficient, the device will be pulled out, and new tissue will be placed in that location to replace damaged or missing skin.

Closure Surgery

Generally performed on surgical procedures for breast and cleft lip, this plastic surgery method involves the transfer of tissue, complete with a number of major blood vessels, from one part of the body to another. The way it works is similar to skin grafting techniques, but this technique has a greater likelihood of success because the blood supply is provided directly by new tissue implanted in the damaged part.

read also Liposuction

Right Time for Have appointment with Doctor

If you have a birth defect or certain disease, or have had burns, trauma, or an injury that causes one part of your body to not function properly, or if you want one part of your body to look more attractive, then that’s the right time to see a plastic surgeon. For the sake of your safety and the best results, it is important for you to see a certified specialist and have worked in these fields in a hospital for five to seven years. Doctors must be post-graduate graduates in the field of general surgery and have two years experience in the field of plastic surgery to get permission to take plastic surgery. In addition, they must also go through additional training to be able to perform surgical procedures in accordance with aesthetic values. Cosmetic surgery training can also be provided by doctors who have a background in medicine other than plastic surgery.

Plastic Surgery vs. Beauty Surgery or Cosmetic Surgery

Plastic surgery is far different from beauty surgery. Plastic surgery is an act of repair and reconstruction of common defects in the face and body caused by abnormalities from birth, burns, trauma, and disease. Beauty surgery, on the other hand, is a special branch of plastic surgery that is only done to beautify the patient’s appearance, including making the patient’s face and body symmetrical, proportionate, and attractive even though the dissected body parts do not have any abnormalities or damage at all.

read also Tummy tuck and liposuction

Some of the types of reconstructive surgery include:

Breast reconstruction
Hand surgery
Scar repair surgery
Reconstruction of the lower limbs
Repair of congenital defects: cleft lip and hand and foot defects
Repair surgery for burns
Reconstructive micro surgery
Reconstruction of soft defects
Reconstruction after trauma to the head, neck and other limbs

Some of the types of cosmetic surgery include:

Facial rejuvenation using laser or other light therapy
Facial rejuvenation using Botox or other injectable drugs
Nose elevation
Ear beauty surgery
Enlargement of the chin or cheeks
Overall skin tightening
Body formation: Abdominal surgery (Tummy Tuck), liposuction (traditional or modern) and body building
Enlargement, reduction, or tightening of breast beauty


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