Advances in science always produce impacts that trigger debates on ethical issues, both general in nature and religion-based ethics. One of them is about advances in the field of medical science in the application of organ transplant technology, organ donors and even animal organ donors that are transplanted into the human body. On the other hand, ethical-theological grip is often very much needed before medical action is carried out.
The South Korean drama Hospital Playlist has entered two seasons. This medical drama is so popular that it is in great demand by some Indonesians. In each episode, Hospital Playlist always inserts stories of patients and their families who are on the threshold between life and death. These stories always manage to make the audience cry. In Hospital Playlist season 2, the story of a patient who needs an organ donor is always shown. The show about organ donation in Hospital Playlist 2 actually attracted South Koreans to donate their organs.
According to a Naver report, based on information from the National Blood and Organ Donor Organization in South Korea, as many as 16,231 people have registered as organ donors. The number is taken from data from July 1 to August 11, 2021, where the number has more than tripled compared to last year in the same period. Furthermore, after episode 7 aired, the number of organ donor registrants increased by 7,042 people in just a week. That number also increased eleven times compared to last year.
It is known, in episode 7 showing the story of a son who must make a decision to agree to his mother to donate all his organs. He just found out that his mother signed up as an organ donor. In that episode, the organ donation procedure and its benefits were explained in detail. Hospital Playlist has proven to have a positive impact on South Koreans, especially in organ donation. Because organ donor registration has dwindled due to COVID-19.
transplant law in Islamic Law is an act that belongs to the category of muamalah. Based on the arguments of the Qur’an, Hadith, Fiqh Rules, Ushuliah Rules and the opinion of Islamic Law Scholars, that the law of transplantation is divided into two: allowed and not allowed. Yes, if there are benefits to be gained from the transplant. The reason for his ability is if the organ of the body is his own, because although the body is a deposit from God, man is given the authority to use it by using it, as property. But the ability to donate some organs of the body is not absolute, but muqayyad. That is, the ability with some requirements, among them is if done by an adult and sane. While small children are not allowed to donate their organs because they do not know exactly their own interests. Similarly, a guardian cannot donate the bodily organs of a small child and a madman who is under his guardianship, because both do not understand. However, it is not permissible to perform a transplant if the transplant is performed only on some organs of the body which will actually cause dharar (danger) and misery for himself or for someone who has a permanent right over him. It is also not permissible for a person to donate a body organ that is the only one in his body, such as the liver or heart, because it is impossible to live without the organ of the body and it is not permissible to remove dharar from others by causing dharar on him.